Abura soba, also known as mazemen is quick and easy to make with basic pantry staple ingredients. This soup-less ramen is full of flavour and the toppings choices are endless! (Vegan)

What is Abura Soba?

Abura means ‘oil’ in Japanese and soba are buckwheat noodles– so it literally means oil noodles. In short, abura soba is type of ramen, without the broth! This soupless ramen is also known as mazemen, mazesoba, monja soba, tenukisoba, shiruanashi and shirunashi ramen depending on the region in Japan. Much like daigaku imo, it’s popularilty started with University Students because it’s cheap, quick and incredibly easy to make with basic shelf stable ingredients.


How to Make Abura Soba

Abura soba is much easier to make than ramen with broths because all it requires is mixing the ingredients for the sauce (which can be made ahead of time) and then tossing it in noodles. As far as toppings go, there are no strict rules! Use what you have on hand and like.

Here are a few vegetarian brothless ramen topping suggestions:

  • deep fried tofu puffs
  • aburaage (fried tofu sheets)
  • baked tofu
  • fried tofu nuggets
  • vegetable dumplings
  • bamboo shoots
  • fried onions chips
  • fried garlic chips
  • shiitake mushrooms
  • tempura scraps (age dama)
  • wood ear mushrooms
  • enoki mushrooms
  • sesame seeds
  • scallions

What kind of noodles to use

Despite the name ‘Abura Soba’ containing ‘soba’, buckwheat noodles are not used in this dish. In Japan, ramen used to be called Chuuka Soba (Chinese Soba), which is why in some regions and restaurants, ramen has ‘soba’ in their names. Another example of this is yakisoba. In general, it is made with Chinese style noodles or ramen noodles.

However, if you are not able to find vegan Chinese style noodles or ramen noodles instant ramen noodles, wheat noodles and even spaghetti turned into ‘ramen like’ noodles can be used! I often use this trick when we’re out of vegan ramen noodles and it does the job for a quick meal.

Varieties of Abura Soba / Mazemen

The beauty of these kind of mixed brothless ramen noodles is that there are so many different kinds and varieties all over Japan! The options, flavour combinations and toppings are truly endless. Here are some more ideas and other flavours I’ve tried and love:

  • Miso Butter sauce: mix together miso paste, vegan butter, mushroom stock powder, sesame oil, mushroom sauce, chili oil and a little hot water.
  • Curry sauce: mix mentsuyu, ra-yu and curry powder for the sauce. Fry up some onions, garlic, ginger and tofu mince and season with soy sauce, curry powder (or roux blocks) and chili oil.
  • Chili oil sauce: In a bowl mix together Japanese sukiyaki sauce (or mushroom soy sauce), mushroom stir fry sauce, mushroom stock powder, rice vinegar doubanjiang and chili oil. Toss in noodles and add toppings of choice.
  • Mapo tofu: top your noodles with your favourite instant mapo tofu or homemade mapo tofu.
  • Taiwanese style: chives, onions, minced tofu, yakiniku (Japanese grilled meat) sauce, mentsuyu, doubanjiang, soy sauce and sesame oil.
  • Tantanmen style: Fry up some onions, garlic and ginger with sesame oil. Add some vegan grounds along with some soy sauce, mushroom stock powder, Doubanjiang, miso paste and chili oil. Then just top your noodles with the tofu mixture.
  • Kimchi flavoured: fry up some onions and ground tofu with your favourite yakiniku (Japanese style sauce for grilling). Add some sauce to the noodles like mushroom sauce, sesame oil and mushroom soup stock or msg. Toss it all together and top with the crumbles, kimchi, scallions and sesame seeds.
  • Dan dan (Sichuan) style: Fry together some tofu mince, onions, sesame oil, garlic, ginger, onion and sesame seeds. Make a quick sauce with some sukiyaki sauce, mushroom soup stock (or msg), Doubanjiang, miso paste and ra-yu. Toss the noodles in the sauce and top with mince topping.

More quick and easy noodles to try: (just mix n’ slurp!)

Here are a few more quick and easy noodle recipes that is ready to slurp in under 10 minutes!

If you recreate this Abura Soba recipe let me know how you liked it by leaving a comment and rating below or by tagging me on Instagram @Okonomikitchen, I love seeing all of your tasty recreations!
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Abura Soba (brothless ramen)

5 Stars 4 Stars 3 Stars 2 Stars 1 Star

5 from 6 reviews

  • Author: Lisa Kitahara
  • Total Time: 5 minutes
  • Yield: 1 serving 1x


Abura soba (brothless ramen) made with pantry staple ingredients and ready in 5 minutes. Saucy, packed with flavour and super satisfying– perfect for a quick lunch or weeknight meal! (Vegan + Gluten Free Option)




  • 4 tsp sesame oil (20g)
  • 2 tbsp mushroom sauce (30g)
  • 1 1/2 tsp mushroom soup stock powder (5g)
  • 2 tbsp soy sauce (30ml // tamari for gluten free)
  • 1 tsp sugar (5g)
  • 1 tbsp rice vinegar (15ml)
  • 23 tsp doubanjiang (5-10g)

To serve

  • 2 servings of ramen noodles, cooked (280-300g net weight cooked // gluten free ramen noodles as needed)*


  • scallions
  • seaweed
  • sesame seeds
  • aburaage (fried tofu pockets)
  • fried tofu puffs
  • baked tofu
  • bamboo shoots
  • shiitake mushrooms
  • tempura scraps (age dama)
  • wood ear mushrooms
  • enoki mushrooms


  1. Add all the sauce ingredients to a bowl and whisk until combined. Add cooked ramen noodles and toss until all the noodles are well coated. Add your choice of toppings and enjoy!


  • Any style of noodles can be used for this recipe! Chinese style noodles, ramen noodles, udon noodles and even spaghetti turned into ‘ramen’ noodles. For gluten free, I recommend these gluten free ramen noodles. 
  • Nutritional Information Disclaimer: Nutrition information is a rough estimate calculated on an online tool (Cronometer). 
  • Prep Time: 2 minutes
  • Cook Time: 3 minutes
  • Category: entree
  • Method: mixing
  • Cuisine: vegan, gluten free, japanese


  • Serving Size: 1 serving

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About Lisa

I'm Lisa, a home cook, recipe developer and founder of Okonomi Kitchen. Here, you'll find a mix of classic and modernized Japanese recipes, and creative, plant-forward meal inspiration using seasonal ingredients. I hope to share more about Japanese cuisine and culture through food and recipes.

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  1. I came across this mouthwatering recipe and tried it the next day! It’s a delicious meal that required little ingredients and prep time.

  2. I’m not sure I made this correctly because I didn’t have the actual ramen noodles and I think I may have added too much mushroom stock powder BUT I love love love the spice of the doubangjiang and how truly simple this recipe is! super super good (:

  3. I love me a slurpy, noodley, easy to add extra things into recipe, and this one is FREAKIN’ DELICIOUS. I personally always add extra veg to everything, peppers and mushroom are my fav. The sauce to this recipe is basically drinkable, sooo good😍

  4. So easy so quick so good! I made this with soba noodles and topped with scallions, silken tofu, seaweed, and sesame seeds. Perfect lil flavorful meal when you’re short on time or just lazy like me 🙂

  5. This looks amazing and would really love to try it sometime. Is there a substitute for mushroom soup stock powder? Could I use chicken or beef stock powder instead?

    1. If you’re not vegan, oyster sauce is usually used but Any vegetarian all-purpose stir fry sauce will do the job! 🙂

  6. Hey there, these look delicious, what is mushroom sauce? So you get it in a bottle, like soy sauce or do you make it yourself?

    1. Hi Miz,
      Mushroom sauce is a vegetarian oyster sauce, store bought! You can also use any kind of vegan stir fry sauce 🙂